History of roulette
The name is French, but the origins of roulette are somewhat murky. In the early days, this game was played mostly in secret. But more generally, it is assumed that it was initially played in Italy and France, where it was a game that had already earned its letters of nobility in the gaming circles and in the first drafts of casinos. Moreover, the first known casino is the Casinò di Venezia, a Venetian casino that started its activities in 1638. For the record, it is still in operation today.
In France, the first proven historical traces of roulette date back to the end of the 18th century. It is found as early as 1758 in a Canadian order-in-council, which prohibits it. She was also present in 1796 at the evenings of the Palais Royal in Paris. The roulette wheel is described as having 36 numbers with a zero box and a double zero box. Roulette was prohibited a few years later, in 1836.
In 1842, it was found again. Because of prohibition, the brothers Louis and François Blanc set up their tables in Hamburg, Germany. They take over roulette by removing the double zero to increase the players’ chances of winning. This is how the European roulette was born.
The Blanc brothers’ business is a great success. Europe’s greatest fortunes come and go and crowd their tables. This reputation was such that, once gambling was legalized in the Principality of Monaco, Prince Charles III offered the Blanc brothers the management of the very first casino in Monte Carlo. Since gambling was also banned in Germany, Louis and François Blanc left for Monaco. The “rock” then became the new darling of gambling in Europe. The White brothers’ roulette form became widespread and spread to all European casinos. It is becoming, once and for all, the European roulette wheel.
On the other side of the Atlantic, European migrants are bringing roulette to American gaming tables. However, they reinstate the double zero box of the old tables. American casinos are adopting this form of gambling. It then becomes American roulette.
With the democratization of the internet in the 2000s, roulette is now available in an online version thanks to virtual casinos. It is no longer the preserve of traditional casino players and is now open to a wider audience. But the least we can say is that yesterday as today, roulette continues to seduce.
The beginnings of online roulette
In the 2000s, online roulette appeared with the first online casinos. Instead of being manual, the draws are made by a random number generator software. It was at this time that the first attempts at live casters were made. Unfortunately, the low speed of the internet at the time made them abort.
The first notable attempt, however, is that of DublinBet. Launched in 2005, the project consisted of filming a room in a large Dublin casino, the Fitzwilliam. The roulette games were broadcast live and the casino recorded the bets in real time.
Since then, the democratization of the Internet, the improvement of its speed and related technologies, the arrival of smartphones, and the multiplication of live table games players have given online roulette an unparalleled boost.
Online roulette with software draw
Online roulette wheels with software make automated draws using random number generators or RNGs. To ensure the fairness of the draws, independent audits and controls are supposed to be carried out. However, doubts remain, especially when it comes to the use of money.
Software printing is slowly declining, especially in the face of the popularity of the multiple offers of casters with manual printing. What’s more, the software draw inexorably loses the speed advantage, as live dealer offerings like Speed Roulette and Auto Roulette combine confidence, reliability and speed.
Live roulette, online table with live dealer
It supplants the online roulette with software draw. From then on, the draw is carried out by a dealer, all of which is broadcast live. Even though they are found in online casinos, it is not their production. Online roulette services with live dealers are provided by publishers specializing in online and mobile casino games, some better known than others.
One of the most renowned is Evolution Gaming, winner of the best live casino provider for ten consecutive years at the EGR B2B Awards. With eight thousand employees, this Swedish publisher has designed several variations of roulette with live dealers. A leading provider of online tabletop games, its casters are usually shot in its studios in Riga, Latvia.
Live Roulette Reports & Statistics
The concept of roulette is very simple: the player predicts the number on which the ball will stop on the cylinder. According to his choices, he will bet on this or that number by placing his chips on the game table. So it’s not about playing against each other, but playing against the casino, also called “the house”.
In European roulette, the odds of a single number coming up are about 2.7%, or 2.7 odds out of 100 draws. In fact, this form of roulette has 36 numbers in addition to a zero box. In one draw, it is possible for the ball to stop on 37 different squares. We then calculate the percentage output expectation (abbreviated as E) according to the following formula:
E = (N/37) x100
- N is the number of numbers the player wishes to bet on.
- The exit expectation of a number is therefore given by the formula E = (1/37) x 100, hence the figure 2.7%.
In concrete terms, we can say that in a hundred draws, there are chances that the ball stops two or three times on each number of the cylinder.
On American roulette, there are 36 numbers, a zero box and a double zero box. This means that in one draw, the ball has a chance to stop on 38 different squares. So the chances are a little less.
In short, even though the game relies mostly on luck, the odds of winning are higher at the European roulette tables than at its European variant. In any case, the choice is up to the players.
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